Country for PR: China
Contributor: PR Newswire Asia (China)
Saturday, November 21 2020 - 01:38
AsiaNet
LIVE TELECAST FOR World Children's Day: Unveil the future artificial sun with scientists from China and Russia on November 20!
BEIJING, Nov. 20, 2020 /PRNewswire-AsiaNet/ --

An announcement from Science and Technology Daily | IUSTC: 

photo - https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1339706/image001.jpg

The phrase "energy crises" is no stranger to people. But, how serious are these 
crises?

Eighty five percent of the energy people use, including coals, fossil oil and 
natural gas, comes from fossils. An estimate reveals that humans will face the 
exhaustion of coals within roughly 200 years. Also, no more natural gas will be 
available to humans in 57 to 65 years. The impending crisis is that all fossil 
oil will be used up by sometime around 2050.

To make things worse, fossil fuels have led to heavy pollution. The haze is a 
glaring example.

But, even clean energies, including wind energy, solar energy and tidal 
energy,  do not spare humanity worries. Because they are costly and not 
power-generative enough.

If humans were to find a safe, clean, efficient and inexhaustible energy, would 
energy crises disappear?

They would! Because there is nuclear fusion.

Infinite curiosity, intensive research and scientists' in-depth observations of 
the sun, a huge nuclear fusion device in the universe, have revealed to 
scientists that the energy of the sun comes from the continuous nuclear fusion 
reactions inside it. This brings them to a bold hypothesis: By polymerizing 
hydrogen isotopes into helium, inexhaustible fusion energy will be released. 
The simulation of the sun's energy production process will gradually make an 
artificial sun a creation, rather than an imagination written in children's 
rhymes.

So, what is nuclear fusion? How do scientists simulate the process in which the 
sun generates energy? What difficulties await scientists before an artificial 
sun is created? When can we use energy generated from nuclear fusion reactions?

As the Sino-Russian year of technological innovations approaches, a surprise 
will be given to children in China and Russia on November 20, 2020, the World 
Children's Day, as part of the situation-based program on the development of 
teenagers' scientific literacy by experts. Scientists from both countries will 
be invited to elaborate on the artificial sun and on the hard realization of 
controllable nuclear fusion.

photo - https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1339705/image002.jpg

The innovations behind the donut-shaped device by scientists from both 
countries 

Tokomak, a donut-shaped vessel realizing controllable nuclear fusion with 
magnetic confinement, is the most widely-used artificial sun to date. China and 
Russia have long worked and progressed together in nuclear fusion. As a fruit 
of the wisdom of the scientists from both countries, Tokomak has witnessed the 
friendship between the two countries. Wu Weiyue, a researcher at the Institute 
of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, will give a detailed 
introduction on T-7, the first superconductive Tokamak device given to us by 
Kurchatov Institute after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and tell the 
touching stories of cooperation behind it. 

Tokamak devices were first invented by Moscow-based Kurchatov Institute in the 
1950s. We have the privilege to invite Alexandre Yevgenivich Bragov, director 
of the National Research Center of Kurchatov Institute, to this session to tell 
us about the cooperation between our countries on innovations. 

Tokamak devices is one of the state-of-art international open platforms among 
magnetic confinement-based fusion devices around the globe, and always a 
paradigm in international technological cooperation. The scientists from both 
countries will also elaborate on the latest advancements in nuclear fusion. The 
year 2020-2021 is the Sino-Russian year of technological innovations, and the 
first national theme year after the new era of the bilateral relations is 
ushered in. It is also a significant strategic move in technological 
cooperation for both countries. We believe that the light of fusion will be lit 
early with the efforts of the scientists in both countries.

EAST, an upgraded Tokamak: One more step to the creation of the artificial sun 

EAST, The superconductive ring from the east, is the first fully 
superconductive magnetically-confined fusion device built autonomously by 
Chinese scientists alone. Qian Jinping, deputy director of Tokamak Physics 
Laboratory at the Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 
will unveil the strengths in this upgraded, more powerful version of Tokamak . 
The host will also take you to the technicians involved in the EAST project, 
showing you how they work the magic.

Little question-raisers unveiling the huge device

Good questions are starting points to explorations and keys to the doors of 
knowledge.

Q&A sessions are especially arranged for the teenagers in both countries during 
this lecture. "Will this artificial sun explode?" "How does this sun store its 
energy?" " Will this artificial sun heat the earth up?" Questions like these 
and the interactions between children and the scientists will give a clearer 
picture of this huge, mysterious scientific device in adults' eyes, to children.

Also, gifts and wishes will be exchanged online between children in the two 
countries to make the Sino-Russian friendship last long.

Let's unveil this artificial sun together at 14:00 on November 20, 2020!

Scan the QR code below and watch the live telecast 

photo - https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1339704/image003.jpg

Source: Science and Technology Daily | IUSTC

Image Attachments Links:

   Link: http://asianetnews.net/view-attachment?attach-id=377577

   Caption: LIVE TELECAST FOR World Children’s Day: Unveil the future 
artificial sun with scientists from China and Russia on November 20!

   Link: http://asianetnews.net/view-attachment?attach-id=377578

   Caption: LIVE TELECAST FOR World Children’s Day: Unveil the future 
artificial sun with scientists from China and Russia on November 20!

   Link: http://asianetnews.net/view-attachment?attach-id=377579

   Caption: LIVE TELECAST FOR World Children’s Day: Unveil the future 
artificial sun with scientists from China and Russia on November 20!

Translations

Japanese