Country for PR: United Kingdom
Contributor: PR Newswire Europe
Monday, December 14 2020 - 13:00
High prevalence of hospital malnutrition associated with poor clinical outcomes
BAD HOMBURG, Germany, Dec. 14, 2020 /PRNewswire-AsiaNet/ --

Hospital malnutrition is documented in many observational studies from the 
United States, Europe, and Latin America. A recently published literature 
review found that malnutrition is highly prevalent across different hospital 
patient groups in 11 countries in Asia.[1] More than 60% of the studies 
included in the analysis found that at least 40% of the patients were 
malnourished. The review also revealed that malnutrition is frequently linked 
to poor clinical outcomes and increased healthcare costs - bringing to light a 
critical unmet patient need within the region.

A significant association between poor nutrition status and an increased risk 
of clinical complications was also shown. Complications include infections, 
pressure ulcers, fractures, as well as pulmonary, renal and hepatic 
complications. Multiple studies found that malnutrition-related complications 
increased the length of hospital stay and the frequency of readmission. 
Moreover, malnutrition was linked to an increased risk of mortality. This is 
evident from 27 out of 28 studies evaluating the relationship between 
malnutrition and mortality in hospitalized patients. 

Malnutrition increases healthcare costs

The detrimental effect of poor nutrition status on patient outcomes might take 
its toll on the health economic system of Asian countries. Two of the reviewed 
studies investigated the economic consequences of malnutrition, both found a 
clear association between hospital malnutrition and increased hospitalization 

Medical experts of the review emphasize the need for further research aiming at 
optimizing nutritional screening and management to fight malnutrition and its 
clinical and economic consequences in Asia. 

About the literature review

The review is based on a systematic search for articles on hospital 
malnutrition in Asia published between January 1997 and January 2018. Articles 
reporting data on the prevalence, clinical consequences, or economic costs of 
hospital malnutrition in an adult inpatient population with a sample size 
greater than or equal to 30 were included in the analysis. Based on these 
criteria, the review analyzed a total of 92 studies with 62,280 patients in 11 
Asian countries. 

To read the complete literature review, visit

About 'United for clinical nutrition'
Launched in 2015 by Fresenius Kabi, 'United for clinical nutrition' aims to 
overcome hospital malnutrition around the world. This multinational initiative 
seeks to reduce the prevalence of hospital malnutrition through regional data 
collection and clinical assessment, educational events and materials, and 
nutritional therapy support tools for healthcare professionals. In 2018, the 
initiative expanded in Asia with a special focus on surgical patients in India, 
Indonesia, Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. To learn 
more, visit 

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[1] Inciong J, Chaudhary A, Hsu H, et al. Hospital malnutrition in northeast 
and southeast Asia: A systematic literature review. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 
Source: Fresenius Kabi Deutschland GmbH