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Contributor: PR Newswire Europe
Friday, December 02 2022 - 04:56
Meeting of Global Alliance of Leaders in Paris
NUR-SULTAN, Kazakhstan, Dec. 1, 2022 /PRNewswire-AsiaNet/ --

On November 29, 2022, meeting of Global Alliance of Leaders for Nuclear 
Security and Nuclear-Weapon-Free World (GAL), which unites political leaders, 
diplomats, experts, Nobel peace prize laureates, heads of international NGOs 
from 45 countries, was held at Dialogue of Continents forum in Paris.

The participants discussed challenges over the war in Ukraine during session 
"How to avoid nuclear war?".

In her speech, Angela Kane, former UN Deputy Secretary-General, stressed that 
nuclear escalation became possible scenario in current geopolitical crisis.

"There are currently two risks. First is destruction of Zaporizhzhia nuclear 
power plant resulting in a nuclear catastrophe. Second scenario is possibility 
of using nuclear weapons. This conflict upended all progress that remained for 
past 60 years in arms control field," - stressed the expert.

In turn, Urban Rusnak, former Secretary-General of Energy Charter, Ambassador, 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Slovak Republic, noted that in light of recent 
international events, steps taken by Kazakhstan on voluntary denuclearization 
are of particular value.

"Situation in Ukraine, which, like Kazakhstan, had nuclear potential and went 
through denuclearization, is of particular concern. Until recently, it was 
difficult to imagine that nuclear infrastructure facilities could become 
targets for attacks," - stressed the speaker.

Ariel Cohen, Senior Fellow, Atlantic Council, Director of Energy and Security 
Program (ITIC), focused audience's attention on consequences of incidents 
involving nuclear reactors in a warzone. 

"If Zaporizhzhia nuclear reactor security is compromised, that will raise 
catastrophic consequences not just for Ukraine, but for nuclear security in 
general. International mechanism to ensure security of nuclear power reactors 
is broken," - summed up the expert.

Summing up the session, Kairat Abuseitov, a well-known Kazakhstani diplomat, 
from Nursultan Nazarbayev Foundation, noted that Kazakhstan has a unique 
example of voluntary denuclearization.

"The country possessed world's fourth largest nuclear arsenal (in 1991). 
Kazakshtan had the right to be nuclear-weapon-state. But chose a different 
path," - concluded the speaker.

In conclusion, participants agreed that lack of political will to resolve 
issues of nuclear non-proliferation is fraught with further escalation, and 
importance of dialogue platforms which could restore lost mutual trust between 
nuclear states is important as never before.  

GAL meeting was held during an official visit of the President of the Republic 
of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev to France. Kazakhstan, which produces 42% 
of world's uranium, actively develop cooperation with France and EU in the 
field of peaceful atom and nuclear nonproliferation.

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Source:  Global Alliance of Leaders